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油氣田硫化氫泄露怎樣辦?

時候:2020-03-01
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油氣田是各類有毒氣體(硫化氫、一氧化碳、煤氣)的起源地,有毒氣體泄露時不時會產生,有毒氣體防備是每一個任務職員必不可少的一項義務。詳說下硫化氫泄露應采用哪些辦法。
Oil and gas fields are the birthplace of all kinds of toxic gases (hydrogen sulfide, carbon monoxide, gas). The leakage of toxic gases occurs from time to time, and the prevention of toxic gases is an indispensable responsibility of every staff. What measures should be taken for hydrogen sulfide leakage.
一,含硫地域鉆井液的PH值請求節制在9.5以上。用煤氣報警器增強對鉆井液中硫化氫濃度的丈量,充實闡揚除硫劑和除氣器的功效,堅持鉆井液中硫化氫濃度含量在每立方米50毫克以下。
1、 The pH value of drilling fluid in sour area should be controlled above 9.5. Strengthen the measurement of hydrogen sulfide concentration in drilling fluid with gas alarm, give full play to the functions of desulfurizer and degasser, and keep the hydrogen sulfide concentration in drilling fluid below 50 mg / m3.
二,一旦產生井噴變亂,應當即上報油氣地主管部分;若產生井噴失控變亂,24小時內上報團體或股分公司。
2、 In case of blowout accident, it shall be reported to the competent department of oil and gas field immediately; in case of out of control blowout accident, it shall be reported to the group or joint stock company within 24 hours.
            生物脫硫
三,在井架進口、井架上、鉆臺邊上、輪回體系等處設置風向標,一旦產生垂危情況,功課職員可向優勢口分散。四,在鉆臺高低、震撼篩、輪回罐等氣體易于儲蓄積累的場合,裝置防暴排電扇以遣散任務場合滿盈的無害、可燃氣體。含硫地域鉆井隊應裝備便攜式硫化氫檢測儀。
3、 Wind vanes shall be set at the entrance of the derrick, on the derrick, on the edge of the drill floor and at the circulation system. In case of emergency, the operators can evacuate to the upper air outlet. 4、 In places where gas is easy to accumulate, such as up and down the drill floor, vibrating screen and circulating tank, anti riot exhaust fan shall be installed to disperse harmful and combustible gas in the workplace. Portable hydrogen sulfide detector should be equipped for drilling team in sour area.
別的,很是首要的一點,當有硫化氫含量跨越每立方米20毫克的寧靜臨界濃度時,任務職員應佩戴氛圍呼吸器,不許可零丁步履,派專人監護現場。在含硫地域鉆井、出產班當班職員每人配一套氛圍呼吸器,另配必然數目標公用氛圍呼吸器,并做到大家會利用、會保護、會查抄。鉆井隊鉆井手藝職員擔任防硫化氫寧靜教導,隊長擔任監視查抄。
In addition, it is very important that when the content of hydrogen sulfide exceeds the safe critical concentration of 20 mg / m3, the staff should wear air respirators, and not be allowed to act alone. Special personnel should be assigned to monitor the scene. In sulfur-containing areas, drilling and production personnel on duty shall be equipped with a set of air respirators, and a certain number of public air respirators, so that everyone can use, maintain and inspect them. The drilling technicians of the drilling team are responsible for the safety education of hydrogen sulfide prevention, and the team leader is responsible for the supervision and inspection.
感激您的瀏覽,但愿以上內容對您有所贊助,如想領會更多出色內容請點擊:生物脫硫http://{当前域名} 。
Thank you for your reading. I hope the above content will be helpful to you. If you want to know more wonderful content, please click: biological desulfurization http://{当前域名}  .